Now, we will analyze good and evil from superficially to deeply. For example, we met a person who was hungry for three or four days. Having felt sorry for him, we gave him ten kg of rice. That was a good deed, but superficial because when he ate up that amount of rice, he would be hungry again. We could train him and helped him to get a job, so his life would be more stable. It was a better deed.
However, good and evil are very complicated. If you help anyone you meet, then it’s not sure if it is always good. For example, there was a good doctor who cured many poor men for charity. He did it all year round. Was it good? – Not sure! We may think it is excellent, but let’s make an analysis for this.
Except for the ordained, among any ten people, how many are good and how many are bad? Usually, bad ones are in the majority. Suppose that there are three good ones and seven bad ones in any ten people. With this rate, every day the doctor cured one hundred people, for example. It means he helped seventy bad ones recover and those people would continue with their evil deeds. Thus, did the doctor do good deeds? He was nice, but he accidentally supported bad people to do bad deeds. So, we see, good and evil is difficult to differentiate.
For example, if you come to a true temple and give free check-ups to everyone in here, then surely it would be a good deed. And those who want to cure any poor man or anybody are superficial about gooddeeds. Even when we help people have jobs, we think it is very kind of us, but if we don’t teach morality to them, it is still shallow.
Or another example, we give a bouquet of flowers as a birthday gift to a friend of us with greetings: “I wish you a happy birthday; hope you are always young, beautiful, healthy, wealthy and happy.” Our friend is euphoric about that, which means we have just done a little good thing because we bring joy to others. However, this right thing does not last long.
Or we meet a person who is in distress on our way. We don’t know what he is facing, but we see him falling down on the road. At that time, no one else but only he and we are on the road. So, we try to get him up and take him to the hospital. It is a good job, but if he is a robber who deceives us, then we will have a disaster.
So, that we bring benefit to life, bring happiness to people, help people to get jobs, or help people overcome their difficulties is call good deeds, but shallow good deeds and not sure if we can earn a blessing from them. We’re not sure because those we help are good or bad. If they are good ones, they will help others, and if otherwise, they will bother and harm others.
Therefore, good and evil are very fragile. Suppose, what we think are good deeds are good deeds, but they are still very shallow. So, we have to seek ways of doing great deeds.
Now if we want to help someone to be happy in this life and the afterlife, then what should we do? Because we have compassion for living beings, we wish them to be happy. But what should they do to be happy and thanks to what they will be happy? We know that to have happiness we must have a blessing. So if you wish someone happiness, you have to help them to be blessed. To be blessed, they must do good deeds. And to do good deeds, they must have morality. Those who are ethical, compassionate towards others will accept to be in harsh conditions to help others.
Thus, there is a logical process: Be moral (have compassion for people) —> Do good deeds (bear harsh conditions to help people) —> Be blessed —> Achieve happiness (in this life and the afterlife).